• It is sown in October-November and harvested in March-April. Such as wheat, barley, gram, peas, lentils, mustard etc.
• It is sown in June-July and harvested in October. Such as rice, maize, cotton, jowar, sugarcane, millet, tobacco, pulses etc.
• It is sown in March and harvested in May-June. Like- Cucumber, Cucumber, Watermelon, Melon etc. – Cash crop This is the crop that is grown by farmers for the purpose of trade. Such as cotton, sugarcane, jute, tobacco etc.
It is an unstable type of agriculture that keeps on moving from one place to another.
This agriculture is prevalent in the northeastern states of Assam, Arunachal Pradesh, Mizoram, Nagaland etc. In this, the land is cleared by cutting forests, cutting trees.
After this the land is cultivated. After 2-3 years this land is abandoned and new land is created. In this way, forests are wiped out one after another.
This farming is harmful to the environment because the environmental balance is disturbed by the elimination of forests.
Jhoom farming is also practiced in other countries of the world where it is called by different names.
Jhoom farming country
Changin (philippines) philippines
Majole Zaire Basin
Chyna (Chena) Sri Lanka
State-wise agricultural production (in descending order) production in thousand tons (in the year 2009-10)
Rice (1) West Bengal (2) Punjab (3) Uttar Pradesh
Wheat (1) Uttar Pradesh (2) Punjab (3) Haryana
Jowar (1) Maharashtra (2) Karnataka (3) Madhya Pradesh
Bajra (Bazra) (1) Rajasthan (2) Uttar Pradesh (3) Haryana
Mecca (Miaze) (1) Karnataka (2) Andhra Pradesh (3) Maharashtra
Total food grains (1) Uttar Pradesh (2) Punjab (3) Madhya Pradesh
Gram (1) Madhya Pradesh (2) Maharashtra (3) Andhra Pradesh
Arhar (Pulse) (1) Maharashtra (2) Madhya Pradesh (3) Karnataka
Groundnut (1) Gujarat (2) Andhra Pradesh (3) Tamil Nadu
Rapeseed and Mustard (1) Rajasthan (2) Haryana (3) Madhya Pradesh
Cotton (Thousand Bells) (1) Gujarat (2) Maharashtra (3) Andhra Pradesh.
Jute Thousand Bells (1) West Bengal (2) Bihar (3) Assam
Coffee (1) Karnataka (2) Kerala (3) Tamil Nadu
Tea (1) Assam (2) West Bengal (3) Tamil Nadu
Natural Rubber (1) Kerala (2) Tamil Nadu (3) Karnataka
Coconut (1) Kerala (2) Tamil Nadu (3) Karnataka
Sugar Cane (1) Uttar Pradesh (2) Maharashtra (3) Karnataka
Tobacco (1) Andhra Pradesh (2) Gujarat (3) Karnataka
Potato (1) Uttar Pradesh (2) West Bengal (3) Bihar
Total silk (thousand kg) (Silk) (1) Andhra Pradesh (2) Karnataka (3) West Bengal
Banana (1) Maharashtra (2) Tamil Nadu (3) Gujarat
Black Pepper (1) Kerala (2) Karnataka (3) Tamil Nadu
Soyabean (1) Madhya Pradesh (2) Maharashtra (3) Rajasthan
Oilseeds (1) Madhya Pradesh (2) Rajasthan (3) Gujarat
Sheep (thousand) (Sheep) (1) Andhra Pradesh (2) Rajasthan (3) Karnataka
Total Milk (Milk) (1) Uttar Pradesh (2) Punjab (3) Rajasthan
|State (2005)||Wastelands km||Shout Area % Of|
|Jammu and Kashmir||70202||69.24|